STYLEVIBES

THE EIFFEL TOWER OF PARIS

The Eiffel Tower is unarguably the face of Paris. On the Champ de Mars in Paris, France, stands the Eiffel Tower, a wrought-iron tower with latticework. The name was derived from Gustave Eiffel, an engineer whose business planned and constructed the tower. The Eiffel Tower was built from 1887 to 1889 as the centerpiece of the 1889 World's Fair and was given the local moniker "La dame de fer" (French for "Iron Lady"). It took exactly 2 years, 2 months and 5 days between the end of January 1887 and March 31, 1889 to complete. At first, some of France's top artists and intellectuals criticized it for its design, but it has since become a global cultural icon of France and one of the most recognizable structures in the world. The Eiffel Tower is the most visited monument in the World. In 1964, it was proclaimed a monument historique, and in 1991, the "Paris, Banks of the Seine" region was included in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites.



The tower is the tallest building in Paris at 330 meters (1,083 feet), or roughly the height of an 81-story building. Its square base has sides that are 125 meters (410 feet) in length. The Chrysler Building which is located in New York City was completed in 1930, overtaking the Eiffel Tower as the tallest man-made structure in the world during its construction. The Eiffel Tower held this title for 41 years. It was the first building in history to be taller than both 200 meters and 300 meters. In 1957, a broadcasting aerial was added to the tower's top, making it 5.2 meters taller than the Chrysler Building today (17 ft). Restaurants are located on the first and second levels of the tower's three tourist levels. The topmost platform of the top level is 276 meters (906 feet) above the earth, which makes it the highest public observation deck in the European Union. To go to the first and second levels, tickets can be purchased for the escalator or elevator. Over 300 stairs separate the first level from the ground level, and another 300 steps separate the first level from the second level, for a total of 600 steps in the ascent. Even though the tower has a staircase, the upper level is typically only reachable through lift.


History

Two senior engineers who worked at the Compagnie des √Čtablissements Eiffel, Maurice Koechlin and √Čmile Nouguier, are the ones who brought up the idea to create the Eiffel Tower. Following discussions regarding an appropriate focal point for the intended 1889 Exposition Universelle, a world's fair to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the French Revolution, it was conceptualized. Eiffel was upfront about drawing inspiration for his tower from the Latting Observatory, which was constructed in New York City in 1853. In May 1884, Koechlin sketched the design of the Eiffel Tower while he was working from his house. He described it as "a vast pylon, consisting of four lattice girders standing apart at the base and coming together at the summit, tied together by metal trusses at regular intervals." The two engineers approached Stephen Sauvestre, the chief of the company's architectural department, to contribute to the design because Eiffel initially showed a little interest but later approved more research. The tower's foundation was embellished with ornate arches, while the first level's glass pavilion and other features were added by Stephen Sauvestre. Eiffel backed the improved design and acquired the patent rights that Koechlin, Nougier, and Sauvestre had obtained. The design was then displayed at the Exhibition of Decorative Arts in the fall of 1884 under the name of the firm.

A little more than 6 million people climb the Eiffel Tower every year, which makes it a must-see for anybody traveling to Paris. Every day from 9:30 am to 11:45 pm, and in the summer from 9:00 am to 12:45 am, the Eiffel Tower is open for tourists. The Eiffel Tower is beautiful and is the definition of quality architecture.


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