Machu Picchu located in Peru is one of the beautiful and mysterious places in the World. The Incan citadel of Machu Picchu is located high in the Peruvian Andes, above the valley of the Urubamba River. It is believed that it was constructed in the 15th century and afterwards left in ruins. It is well known for its intricate dry-stone walls, which join massive blocks of stone without the use of cement or mortar to be specific, interesting structures that take advantage of celestial alignments, and expansive views. Its precise previous function is yet unknown.

The most popular tourist destination in Peru is Machu Picchu, it is located in the Andes Mountains at a height of more than 7,000 feet. It was constructed approximately 1450 AD and was named one of the New Seven Wonders of the World in 2007 and a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983. Below are some five facts about the Machu Picchu.

Unfortunately, the Spanish conquest completely destroyed the majority of the Inca civilization's cities. Machu Picchu is one of the best-preserved Inca cities and a cultural treasure since it was hidden, invisible from below, and undiscovered.

The Incas were among the world's top masons if not the ones on top. Even a knife blade cannot fit in between the stones since the structures were constructed using the ashlar method, which involves cutting stones to fit together without cement or mortar.

It is believed that no wheels were used to transport the stones up the mountain, despite the fact that many of the stones used to create the city weighed more than 50 pounds. It is more likely that hundreds of men pushed the massive rocks up the inclining mountainside.

The holy Intihuatana stone at Machu Picchu, which served as an astronomical observatory, correctly predicts the two equinoxes (the time or date at which the sun crosses the celestial equator). The sun never casts a shadow on the stone because it is directly overhead twice a year

There are more than 100 different staircases throughout the complex. The majority of the various staircases were cut from a single stone slab (a big stone, flat and of little thickness).

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